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Glycine max

Soybean

Fèves de soya ou Edamame
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Originally from SouthEast Asia, soybeans are ranked sixth in world of all cultivated crops in terms of total harvest. However, soybeans are perfectly suited to the home garden! Plants are bushy and free-branching, with hairy stems and leaves. Flowers are basically white, with a slight lavender blush. Grow soybeans in loose, well-drained soil rich in organic matter. Sow directly in the garden in spring, two to three weeks after the last average frost date, 1-2 inches deep and 2-4 inches apart in rows 24-30 inches apart. Thin seedlings to 6 inches apart. Keep soil moist until soybeans have pushed through, then weed regularly and mulch to conserve soil moisture. Although not optimal, plants can also be grown in containers at least 8 inches deep. Generally disease and pest-resistant. Companion plants include potatoes, cucumbers, corn, strawberries and celery; do not plant together with onions or garlic! Soybean plants are not frost-tolerant. Harvest when pods are green, full and plump. Note: green soybeans (Edamame beans) should not be eaten raw: blanch in boiling water for a couple of minutes before eating, and boil sprouted beans for 5 minutes.

Plant details
Category
Vegetables and Herbs
Exposure
Sunny
Rusticity
Zone
Height
30 - 90 cm
Staggering
Flowering
Early summer

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