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Make your yard “bird-friendly” if you want to attract birds. The best way is to fulfill some of their basic needs – food, water and shelter.

Having plants that provide both food and shelter is the most natural way of inviting them into your yard. Since birds are either insectivores or granivores (they eat insects or seeds), plant perennial and annual flowers that attract insects, and trees and shrubs that produce either seeds or small fruit.

Trees, conifers, bushes, dense hedges and shrubs provide a safe haven and places to perch and rest, as well as possible nesting locations.

Plants

Deciduous trees

Speckled Alder, birch, red oak, maple, white ash, American beech, hazel, crab-apple

Conifers

White spruce, juniper, Canadian yew, tamarack, white pine, red pine, eastern hemlock, balsam fir, cedar

Fruit bushes

Saskatoon berry, hawthorn, Japanese bearberry, blueberry, cherry, honeysuckle, dogwood, cotoneaster, winged euonymus, raspberry, current, winter berry (holly), blackberry, Russian olive, mountain-ash, white elderberry, golden elderberry, red elderberry, highbush cranberry

Perennials

Yarrow, columbine flowers, aster, blue thistle, coreopsis, purple coneflowers, daylilies, gayfeathers, cardinal flowers, heliopsis, lemon balm, bee balm, foamflowers

Annuals

Cosmos, fuchsia, royal impatiens, sunflowers, zinnia

 

To attract hummingbirds

Some plants more specifically attract colobris.

PerennialsAnnualsShrubsClimbing
Monarde
Bleeding heart
Creeping Bugle
Columbine
Digital
Hollyhock
Phlox
Dahlia
Fuchsia
Geranium
Gladiolus
Lantana
Nasturtium
Nicotine
Snapdragon
Petunia
Zinnia
Azalea
Honeysuckle
Hibiscus
Caragana
Morning glory
Spanish bean
Climbing honeysuckle
Trumpet Creeper

 

To attract fruit-eating birds

Birds love fruit, it is known. Here is the list of plants that are the delight of fruit-eating birds.

AnnualsPerennialsDeciduous treesConifers
Amaranth
Aster
Cosmos
Knapweed
Sunflower
Purslane
Pinks
Marigold
Poppy
Zinnia
Echinacea
Rudbeckie
Heliopsis
all ornamental grasses
Maple
Ash
Birch
Oak
White spruce
Larch
Pine
Hemlock
Juniper
Thuja
Fir

 

To attract seed-eating birds

Here is the list of irresistible plants for seed-eating birds.

TreesShrubsClimbing
Apple tree
Cherry tree
Mountain ash
Hawthorn
Bohemian olive tree
Cotoneaster
Serviceberry
Cherry tree
Black chokeberry
Red-backed dogwood
Rustic rose
Sumac
Viburnum
Elderberry
Honeysuckle
Celast
Parthenocissus
Grape vine

 

Don’t prune or cut back your shrubs and perennials too much in the fall: the birds will eat from them all winter long!